Biology, History, Threat,. Surveillance and Control of the Cactus Moth,. Cactoblastis cactorum. H. Zimmermann. S. Bloem. H. Klein. Joint FAO/IAEA Programme. This ancient photographic record on the left is one example of the amazing way cactoblastis (Cactoblastis cactorum) chewed its way through. Cactoblastis cactorum is a moth that preys specifically on cacti species. It has been introduced in various locations around the globe to provide.

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Many factors can lead to a mismatch between female egg-laying preferences and offspring performance; however, in this case the new association of Cactoblastis cactorum with North American Opunia plants is likely a cause.

During this process the colony usually divides into two or more groups. Ants often attack the vulnerable larvae through the broken, open ends of the pads. The average length of the pupal period is days. Burrowing activity usually causes secondary bacterial activity which hastens the destruction of cladodes.

Reproduction Oviposition is normally at dusk or early dawn and may be responding to CO2 concentrations around pads Stange, ; Stange et al Dalby in QueenslandAustralia, has a monument commemorating eradication of Opuntia by the moth in a park by Myall Creek, which runs through the town.

In addition to the semaphore cactus, the arrival of Cactoblastis cactorum to the United States caused concern for the ornamental cactus industry in ArizonaCaliforniaNevadaNew Mexico and Texas.

Texas Invasive Species Institute

In Australia, mating takes place during the early morning hours and copulation has never been documented at night, cactoblastus after hrs.

Uses of Opuntia species and the potential impact of Cactoblastis cactorum Lepidoptera: Nearly all Opuntia are at risk of attack by C. It was an amazing result.


A Workshop of Assessment and Planning.

Impacts globaux Stiling states that, ” Cactoblastis cactorum oviposits by gluing sticks of about cactofum on cactus spines. Thus, the cactus moth are a considerable threat to the native Opuntia cactus population and the ecosystem it supports. Female moths lay on average eggs in a distinctive stick-like formation that protrudes from the cactus pad.

The adult is fawn with faint dark dots and lines on the wings. Zophodia cactorum Berg, Island Press, pages Tourism and Economic Development: Cactoblastis cactorus has been introduced multiple times to Florida Marisco et al. Distinct black antemedial and subterminal lines are present.

Distinct black antemedial and subterminal lines are present. Generate a print friendly version containing only the sections you need. The biological control of prickly pear in South Africa. Another possible control option being explored would utilize ants to serve in a mutually beneficial relationship with the Opuntia cacti.

Adult cactus moths cactolastis non-descript, gray-brown moths with faint dark spots and cactoru, transverse lines marking the wings. The frass from the moth is visible in the left fresh frass and mucilage oozing from holes in the cladode and middle photos dried frass.

Most of the known natural enemies are generalists and therefore pose potential risk to several native pyralid moths that use Opuntia throughout North America. The biological campaign against prickly pear. Management As ofa management plan has not been established. The number of eggs in a stick varies greatly but the average contain cactonlastis eggs.

Cactoblastis cactorum (cactus moth)

Adults of Cactoblastis cactorum are nondescript brownish-gray moths with long legs and long antennae. To learn more about cookies, including how to disable them, view our Cookie Policy. Cactoblastis cactorum in the Florida Keys may have been the result of the moth naturally dispersing across the Caribbean, or it may have been introduced unintentionally on horticultural prickly pear cacti imported into Florida Solis et al.


Transferring eggsticks to new plants was the method originally used to distribute cactoblastis to new areas. Vigueras and Portillo, ; Mellink and Rojas-Lopez, The male moth devotes his energy to maximizing his mating opportunities. The forewings are grayish-brown, but whiter toward the costal margin.

American moths of the subfamily Phycitinae. Ants are their biggest threat, especially when the larvae attempt to move from one plant to another.

The moths’ interactions with other species are not well understood. Atlantic and Gulf coasts. Video of the dissection of the male genitalia of the cactus moth, Cactoblastis cactorum.

cactkrum Among natural enemies, the most promising candidate for biocontrol is the gregarious larval parasitoid Apanteles n. The eggsticks average around 25mm long and contain 50 eggs.

Cactoblastis – biocontrol

The larvae of C. Hindwings are white, semihyaline at base, smoky brown on outer half with a dark line along the posterior margin. Florida Entomologist 85 3: By sea, new regulations by APHIS require livestock fodder in transit found with evidence of Cactoblastis cactorum to be destroyed, fumigated, or returned to its country of origin.